Glow Worm Caves, Gold Coast

Glow worms are found throughout Australia and New Zealand and are some of the most fascinating creatures in the world.

Glow Worms

Like something out of a fairytale, they light up the darkness with their luminescent glow and provide a magical scene if you get to see them in the wild.

Throughout Australia’s Gold Coast, there are plenty of chances for you to spot glow worms, whether that’s outdoors under the canopies of lush rainforests or tucked away inside caves that date back millions of years.

The Glow Worms of Springbrook National Park

In the Gold Coast itself, it’s the Springbrook National Park that boasts Australia’s largest population of glow worms. Here, you can take an evening bushwalk through the lush forest where glow worms flit between the leaves and cast magical shadows on the forest floor. As you stroll through the tall trees and pass ancient vegetation, you’ll come to a historic cave that houses the vast majority of the region’s glow worms.

The cave itself is made up of two large chambers that are joined together by interlinking tunnels that weave their way underground. In the first chamber, you can learn more about the glow worms, their history in the region, their behaviour, and their habitat with an audio-visual display that will prepare you for what’s to come. Further inside the chamber, you can marvel at the extensive collection of realistic-looking stalagmites and stalactites and water features, which provide an authentic backdrop to view the glow worms against.

  • Natural Bridge

    Natural Bridge

    The Natural Bridge rock formation in the Springbrook National Park is located in the ancient Gondwana rainforests of Queensland and it is home to one of the largest collections of glow worms in the world. The cave itself was formed by erosion, worn away by a waterfall that crashes into the basalt cave below creates a bridge-like structure. The ceiling of the cave is covered in glow worms and has been referred to as nature’s planetarium.

    Because they need such specific conditions, the cave has been purpose-built to cater to the glow worms. This means the conditions are perfect throughout the year, giving you ample opportunity to see these magical creatures in action. Searching for glow worms is a must-do activity if you’re in the Gold Coast. Not only does it give you a glimpse into the lives of one of Australia’s most elusive creatures, but you also get the chance to explore the area’s natural beauty in a completely unique way.

The Life of a Glow Worm

Glow worms are the larvae of a fly called the fungus gnat, which breeds over two days before they perish. So, they aren’t actually worm’s at all! The transformation period of the glow worms before they become adult flies lasts from 9 months to a year, depending on how much food they have and the environmental conditions. During this time, the glow worms must eat as much as they can to sustain themselves through the adult gnat period, as they lack functioning mouths and only live for a few days. They capture the attention of prey (usually mosquitos) by emitting a blueish-green light. As the prey travels towards the light, it gets caught in the worm’s woven silk threads.

Since the glow worms need a wet habitat to thrive, there are limited places across Australia where they can exist. Springbrook National Park holds the largest colony of glow worms in Australia but the nearby Mt Tamborine national park has introduced the first-ever purpose-built cave for glow worms. As the Australian climate becomes drier, it is important that glow worms still have a habitat in which they can thrive. Mt Tambourine has created a cave with ideal, moist conditions in the hope that it will provide the glow worms with the perfect home and enough food to survive the breeding season. This cave aims to eventually allow the glow worms to become a self-sufficient colony.

How to visit a Glow Worm Cave

There are a couple of rules that you’ll need to follow when you’re visiting the glow worms. As they are quite sensitive to light, its best not to use flash photography and if you have a torch, be sure to only point it downwards and not up at the larvae. Noise should be kept to a minimum and the glow worms should not be touched. Glow worms are extremely important to our ecosystem as they control the insect population by eating mosquitoes and smaller flies.

The area the glow worms live in is a heritage site, which means the only way to get up close and personal with them is to take a guided tour. While on these tours, you’ll not only get to see the creatures and their fairytale habitat, but you’ll learn all about their life cycle, behaviour, and eating habits. The glow worms tour begins after dark, taking you on a mystical bushwalk through the ancient rainforests that characterise the region. Within the caves that you visit on your tour, you’ll get to watch the creatures flit from side to side, casting a surreal glow against the backdrop of old, echoing caves. What’s more, once you’ve concluded watching the glow worms, you’ll be able to enjoy a different kind of glow – the glow of the stars that light up Australia’s night sky. Gazing up at the night sky of the southern hemisphere after standing amongst the constellations created by the glow worms is a magical experience.

How do Glow Worms Glow?

The light from a glow worm is created by bioluminescence meaning that it comes from within the living organism. They are not the only creatures that can produce light, however – so can fireflies, some spiders, and deep-sea fish and microorganisms. The light is emitted by way of a pigment that reacts when combined with the enzyme ‘luciferase’, as well as with the oxygen. This chemical reaction creates the bluish-green light that you see in the caves.

If you find yourself exploring the Gold Coast Hinterland, then seeing the local glow worms is an absolute must-do. As well as learning more about these rare and fascinating creatures, you can see them in their natural habitat and watch as they light up the ancient confines of their cave with a mesmerising glow.

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